Management has typically focused on two aspects down:
- Employee engagement
- Performance extraction
And for managing up:
- Grabbing business goals
- Staying alive
The problem is that they often try to force business goals into the down structure. Which means that communication is often unidirectional.
However, there is a possibility of the individual becoming more aware and as a result, these strategies will become ineffective as employees become smarter and decide not to race to the bottom.
Which is where the concept of engagement is the only thing keeping good employees in an organization. The idea of management is to keep employees managed, but often, management does not control the source of engagement as well as the end goals. And the best engineers will move away to do something at the next level.
And this is where, the businesses are going to have parasites in the long run.